Skip to main content


John Bergford Architect
About Us
Residential Projects
Large Additions
Small Additions
Commercial Projects
Paper Architecture
Contact Us
Site Map
Member Login
Process - Defining Possibilities, Scenarios and Goals
There are a lot of different ways that a project can begin.  There is also a wide range of potential levels of involvement with an Architect.  Almost always, however, there is an initial conversation that raises questions:
- What are we trying to accomplish?
- How long will it take to design or build?
- How much will it cost?
- What are the possibilities for different types of project in terms of scope or complexity?
- Could we contract and/or perform some of the work ourselves?
- Should we just move instead?
- Should we start from scratch?
- Does it make economic sense to undertake a construction project?
These questions usually occur at the beginning of the process, probably after considerable internal deliberation and discussion, and form the basis for exploration.
While a "typical" and "tradtional" outline of Architectural Services follows below, each project is unique not only in how the above questions are answered, but also in how an Architect might help find those answers and in collaborating on the design and definition of a building project.  In some cases, the initial conversation and perspective it brings is sufficient for setting a direction.  In others, simply adding a few "idea" sketches to the discussion will suffice.  On the opposite end of the spectrum, some projects are best served by completely developed drawings and specifications.  We can work together to determine the appropriate approach.
Traditional Outline of Architectural Services
Each segment of that service is given a percentage that approximates its part of the full service.  Again, not every project will (or should) involve each of these steps in their entirety.
Programming/Schematic Design (S.D.) 15%

This phase establishes the goals for the project and explores alternative ways of accomplishing them. The intent is to decide a basic direction for the project's overall layout, form and appearance. Drawings are to scale and are suitable for getting preliminary cost estimates but are often freehand and not sufficient for construction.

Design Development (D.D.) 25%

During this phase the design direction decided upon during Schematic Design is refined and drawings become "hardlined" and more detailed. The more detailed a set of drawings becomes, the better one is able to understand what will be built and anticipate cost.

Construction Drawings (C.D.) 40%

This phase involves documenting all the necessary information to build the project. This includes a complete set of working drawings and a written specification of materials to be used in construction.

Bidding/Negotiation 5%

Whether working with a selected Contractor or receiving invited bids for your project, this phase involves assisting with evaluating the Contractor’s proposals, clarifying any questions of scope, and establishing the contract price.

Observation 15%

Even the best two-dimensional drawings cannot show every condition encountered in actual building. Therefore, continuing involvement is the project can be useful to answer contractor's questions, provide supplemental drawings when necessary, and help evaluate any suggested changes.

TOTAL 100%